Bird Flu
Bird Flu Prevention
A wave of Bird Flu (Avian Influenza or H5N1 virus) is crossing the country, infecting both birds and bovine (dairy and beef cattle). So far, there is no evidence that the virus is being spread from mammal to mammal, only from birds or cattle. Poultry (chickens, turkey, ducks) and wild birds like Canadian Geese, pigeons, starlings, and sparrows may all be vectors or spreaders of this disease. Humans in China and Hong Kong have contacted the disease but it is not common in the USA.
Dealing with Hot Temperatures
Farmers are finishing up planting, but some crops have been slow to emerge.
Farmers are finishing up planting, but some crops have been slow to emerge.
Cooler nighttime temperatures may be delaying emergence. In most cases, moisture has been adequate but highly variable. However, summer has arrived and very soon hotter and drier weather conditions may prevail. The last two years plus this year look like a hot June. Last year, moisture was very short in May. This year, farmers have some moisture at the surface, however, subsurface moisture is very low.
Corn & Soybean
corn and soybean
Most farmers have finished planting for the first time but may be looking to replant. Replanting corn can be a difficult decision. Young plants can recover especially if the damage is above ground. However, below ground damage from insects, disease, compaction, saturated soils, or fertilizer injury are more difficult for corn to recover.
tractor, field, soil, plant growing in fresh soil
Soil Nutrients
Fact Sheet
corn field, sun rise
Converting to No-till using Cover Crops
farmer tilling land
To Till or
Not To Till
Jim and Marlene Hoorman reside in Hancock County, Ohio south of Findlay at Jenera, Ohio on a 40-acre farm. They have a 19-year old son, Jonathan who is attending The Ohio State University as a Sophomore majoring in Ag Business and Economics with a minor in Agronomy.  Jim has been working in agriculture and farming since he was 13 years old, first picking strawberries then working for Kleman Brother’s Farm as a hired hand.  Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, Hay, Tomatoes, Sugar Beets, Cucumbers and Sweet corn were major commodities along with hogs and cattle.
Using Cover Crops as an IPM Tool for Managing Hard-to-Control Weeds
While herbicides provided an opportunity to expand many important soil conservation practices, overuse of glyphosate and the evolution of glyphosateresistant weeds poses one the greatest threats to conservation tillage as it has forced some farmers to revert to conventional tillage for effective weed control.
Weeds in Cover Crops: Context and Management Considerations
Cover crops are increasingly being adopted to provide multiple ecosystem services such as improving soil health, managing nutrients, and decreasing soil erosion. It is not uncommon for weeds to emerge in and become a part of a cover crop plant community.
Soil Nutrients
Fact Sheet
The availability of soil nutrients is dependent on three factors. One is the chemical form that it can be taken up by the plant. Two is the proximity to actively absorbing plant root. Three is the soil nutrient in a soluble form that can be absorbed by plant roots. Most plant roots require moist soil and water to absorb soluble nutrients.
Best of ‘22: No-Tilling in Wildly Different Regions, Encouraging Better Root Growth & More
Jim Hoorman, with Hoorman Soil Health Services discusses how micro-nutrients may be one of the best ways to improve no-till crop yields. Over the past 160 years, many farms have been tilled and due to soil erosion; lost soil, soil organic matter, and the attached micro-nutrients. Micro-nutrients are needed in small amounts to activate enzymes that increase not only soil health, but also improve plant growth and increase plant yield. Jim discusses micro-nutrient functions and importance, how to identify micro-nutrient deficiencies, and how to apply micro-nutrients to reduce nutrient deficiencies.
Organic Soil Conditioning
Author William Jackson
From the Amish of Ohio to the crops of California, through the documented research from universities around the world, explore nature's natural balance.