Cover Crops After Wheat
Wheat harvest may start in 3-4 weeks and it is time to order cover crop seed. A long growing season after wheat allows for many options. Warm season cover crops grow in the summer but die with the first frost while cool season species generally survive the winter.

Earthworms Enhance Soil Tilth and Fertility
Every farmer loves to see earthworms in their soil because it indicates good soil health and productivity. Earthworms, cover crops, and no-till together are a great way to improve your soil.

Emerging Planting and Soil Issues
The 2020 planting season has been mostly cold and dry, allowing most farmers to get crops planted, with rain and warmer temperatures now expected.

Crimping Cover Crops
Crop roller crimping has become a common way to mechanically terminate cover crops. Crimpers are used to kill grass cover crops (cereal rye, barley, wheat, sorghum, Sudan, pearl millet), vetches (hairy and common), annual clovers (crimson and balansa),  buckwheat, and multi-species cover crops.

Video of New 30 ft narrow transport  proto type  8 ft 6 transport

Soil Inoculants
As planting season starts, some farmers are applying soil bio-inoculants to promote improved plant growth. Dr. Jay Johnson (retired), former OSU fertility specialist, touted inoculating soybeans with Rhizobium bacteria yearly to increase soybeans yields 1-2 bushels.

How Selenium and healthy food can reduce COVID virus infection and/or spread up recovery

Glyphosate's impact on Pseudomonas, a beneficial Calcium and Maganese Deficiencysoil bacterium

Rhizophagy: Rhizophagy Cycle: An Oxidative Process in Plants for Nutrient Extraction from Symbiotic Microbes
Rhizophagy is how plant roots absorb soil nutrients from beneficial soil microbes (bacteria and fungi).  In some cases, whole amino acids and proteins can be absorbed by the plant root by devouring the bacteria and fungi.  This fascinating new information changes how agronomist view plant nutrition.

Pest Management: Endophytic microbes and their potential applications in crop management
Endophytic microbes are beneficial plan bacteria and fungi that help plants prevent pests by improving plant nutrition and improving soil health which repels most pest.

How and When to Plant No-till

Planting no-till can be tricky and scary! Successful no-till depends on having fully functioning healthy soils and efficient nitrogen (N) recycling.

Corn Planting & Soil Temperatures

Planting corn in cold wet soils results in reduced yields. When the soil temperature reaches 50o F and is rising (with ideal moisture), that is the optimal time to plant corn.

Planter setup

Spring planting season is almost here and farmers are making final planter adjustments. Planter setup is critical because The sins of planting will haunt you all season according to Ozzie Luetkemeier, Purdue farm Manager.

Controlling Slugs
Slugs and voles (field mice) population increase during mild winters and flourish during wet springs, especially in no-till or cover crop fields. Scouting shows that slug populations are increasing and may be an issue this year. Slug control depends upon understanding slug biology, scouting, natural predators, and effective cultural practices.
vole babies
vole in meadow
Controlling Voles: Field Mice
Voles: Field mice are really rebounding and we are expecting a lot of crop damage this year.  This article is timely because  now is the time to scout for voles!
Vole preferences
Voles prefer the most high protein and low fiber cover crops like red clover >alfalfa>hairy vetch>soybeans.  They dislike the most canola>barley>cereal rye>Sorghum Sudan>Turnips. Low growing cover crops offer less shelter than high growing cover crops.  Mowing cover crops or planting cover crops with at least 50% winter kill may help reduce vole populations.

Making No-till Corn Succeed

Adapting to Wet Spring Planting

Soil Microbes

Strip-till advantages

Compaction or Poor Soil Structure

Reducing Phosphorus Runoff

Adapting to Extreme Weather

Soil Nutrients Fact Sheet

Micronutrient Fertilization

PANTA Jim Hoorman Flyer Feb 2020

The 24th class of No-Till Innovators have supported the adoption of cover crops, better nutrient management, improved soil health and timely, educational events and opportunities. Video / Article

Biology of Soil Compaction:  Describes how and why soils compact and what farm management practices can be implement to reduce soil compaction, and create healthy soils that are profitable and environmentally sound.

Courting the Two M's: In depth information about Metarhizium fungi (Insect parasites and Nitrogen enhancers) and Mycorrhizae fungi (P and micronutrient uptake, pest suppression, etc.) impact on creating healthy soils.

Tire stubble Damage
When Weeds Talk
Food Nutrient Density
Cover Crop Herbicide CarryOver
Prescription Tillage Technology (PTT): STP Disc Blades Contact Hoorman Soil Health Services: 419-421-7255
Paying for Carbon Credits
Ohio Corn Performance Test: Northwest Ohio / South and Southwest Ohio
Conservation Best Management Practices
Biology of Soil Compaction Leading Edge
Cover Crop Recipe: Before SoyBeans MCCC
Cover Crop Recipe: Before Corn MCCC
Cover Crop Economics
Cover Crop Economics
Corn Stalks in Surface Water
Compaction Problems in early planted corn
Flooding Compaction and Carbon Calculations
4Rs: Right Rate, Source, Place, & Time
25 Tips to Manage and Grow Cover Crops
Adapting Agriculture to Extreme Weather
Cover Crop Benefits
Cereal rye in soybeans and corn
Corn Fertilizer Micronutrients
Corn Myths
No-till Corn Planting
Corn Stalks Issues Part 1
Corn Stalk Solutions Part 2
Cover Crops after wheat
Fall planted cover crops
Blanchard River Flooding
Dealing with Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) and Dissolved Reactive Phosphorus (DRP)
No-till and Soil Compaction Struggles
Phosphorus Best Management Practices and Lime
Palmer Amaranth
Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp
Phosphorus Problems: Part 1
Phosphorus Solutions: Part 2
Corn Silage Pricing
Cereal Rye as a Feed
Soil Compaction Remedies
Soil Health Key Points
Soil Microbes Recycling Nutrients
Interpreting Soil Tests
Sorghum Sudan
Spring Corn Nitrogen
Strip Tillage Benefits
Ecological Farming (ECO Farming)
Soil Health
Using Cover Crops to Reduce Soil Compaction

Environmental Impacts of Cover Crops - Jim Hoorman
- View Video -

2 farmers in field

Photos from Randall Reeder at Nathan Brause farm. 
We are being interviewed by Matt Reese. 
Nathan Brause is the Ohio No-till Council Innovative Farmer of the Year. I am being interviewed for the National No-till Educator of the Year Award. 
farm tillage
Tillage is Like a Drug Addiction

Civilization and the world population started increasing when humans began growing their own food to feed themselves and their livestock rather than pursuing and hunting wild game. The first human cultivation of crops probably was no-till, requiring very little cultivation.  The first crops for human consumption may have been with a stick to create a hole and a seed bed for a kernel of grain.  With time, our early human ancestors used livestock to speed up the planting of crops. 
- Read More -
Are USA Soil Erosion Rates Sustainable?

Soil is a gift of life and the basis for modern civilization.  The soil provides humans with food, fiber for clothes, shelter (wood, bricks, metals), foundation for our buildings, medicines, and a place to live and play.  
- Read More -
Discovering How Cover Crops Impact Cropland Habitat for Pests: Voles, Slugs, and Other Pests

Pest problems like voles, slugs and army worms tend to be cyclical in nature and can have dramatic impacts when there's an outbreak. Understanding the role that cover crops and no-till can play in creating the conditions for these pest to thrive can help producers make management decisions. This webinar is first of a two-part series dealing with managing cover crops and tillage to minimize pest problems.
- Read More -

Managing Cover Crops and No-till to Reduce Pest Problems (part 2)
- Read More -