Wheat Straw and Cover Crops
As wheat and barley harvest progresses, farmers often ask what should they do with wheat straw? Should I keep the straw on the field to build soil organic matter (SOM) or should I sell it? What is the value of the wheat straw and how many nutrients are being lost? Does straw residue hurt the next crop?

Forage Cover Crops
Planting forage cover crops can be a beneficial food source and a place to apply manure. Grass cover crops like sorghum, Sudan, Sorghum Sudan, cereal rye, annual ryegrass, millets, Teff, and oats are great forages that build organic matter, tie up manure nutrients, keep the soil from eroding, improve soil structure and still make great feed.

Calcium and Manganese Deficiency
Calcium and Manganese are two soil abundant elements that are often not as plant available and may be deficient in plant cells. Calcium is used in cell wall membranes and often becomes limiting during critical pollination periods when cells are rapidly dividing.

Cover Crops After Wheat
Wheat harvest may start in 3-4 weeks and it is time to order cover crop seed. A long growing season after wheat allows for many options. Warm season cover crops grow in the summer but die with the first frost while cool season species generally survive the winter.

Earthworms Enhance Soil Tilth and Fertility
Every farmer loves to see earthworms in their soil because it indicates good soil health and productivity. Earthworms, cover crops, and no-till together are a great way to improve your soil.

Emerging Planting and Soil Issues
The 2020 planting season has been mostly cold and dry, allowing most farmers to get crops
planted, with rain and warmer temperatures now expected.

Crimping Cover Crops
Crop roller crimping has become a common way to mechanically terminate cover crops. Crimpers are used to kill grass cover crops (cereal rye, barley, wheat, sorghum, Sudan, pearl millet), vetches (hairy and common), annual clovers (crimson and balansa),  buckwheat, and multi-species cover crops.

Video of New 30 ft narrow transport  proto type  8 ft 6 transport

Soil Inoculants

How Selenium and healthy food can reduce COVID virus infection and/or spread up recovery

Glyphosate's impact on Pseudomonas, a beneficial Calcium and Maganese Deficiencysoil bacterium

Rhizophagy: Rhizophagy Cycle: An Oxidative Process in Plants for Nutrient Extraction from Symbiotic Microbes
Rhizophagy is how plant roots absorb soil nutrients from beneficial soil microbes (bacteria and fungi).  In some cases, whole amino acids and proteins can be absorbed by the plant root by devouring the bacteria and fungi.  This fascinating new information changes how agronomist view plant nutrition.

Pest Management: Endophytic microbes and their potential applications in crop management
Endophytic microbes are beneficial plan bacteria and fungi that help plants prevent pests by improving plant nutrition and improving soil health which repels most pest.

How and When to Plant No-till

Planting no-till can be tricky and scary! Successful no-till depends on having fully functioning healthy soils and efficient nitrogen (N) recycling.

Corn Planting & Soil Temperatures

Planting corn in cold wet soils results in reduced yields. When the soil temperature reaches 50o F and is rising (with ideal moisture), that is the optimal time to plant corn.

Planter setup

Spring planting season is almost here and farmers are making final planter adjustments. Planter setup is critical because The sins of planting will haunt you all season according to Ozzie Luetkemeier, Purdue farm Manager. Here are a few planter setup tips:

Controlling Slugs

Slugs and voles (field mice) population increase during mild winters and flourish during wet springs, especially in no-till or cover crop fields. Scouting shows that slug populations are increasing and may be an issue this year. Slug control depends upon understanding slug biology, scouting, natural predators, and effective cultural practices.
vole babies
vole in meadow
Controlling Voles: Field Mice
Voles: Field mice are really rebounding and we are expecting a lot of crop damage this year.  This article is timely because  now is the time to scout for voles!
Vole preferences
Voles prefer the most high protein and low fiber cover crops like red clover >alfalfa>hairy vetch>soybeans.  They dislike the most canola>barley>cereal rye>Sorghum Sudan>Turnips. Low growing cover crops offer less shelter than high growing cover crops.  Mowing cover crops or planting cover crops with at least 50% winter kill may help reduce vole populations.